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  • Writer's pictureBrealey + Newbury

How Will the 2024 UK Elections Affect Small Businesses?

General election 2024 sign outside Big Ben in London

As the 2024 UK elections approach, small business owners are paying close attention to potential policy changes and economic shifts that could impact their operations. Elections often bring promises of reform and new initiatives that can either benefit or challenge the small business sector. Here, we explore the possible effects of the 2024 elections on small businesses in the UK.

Economic Policies


Tax policy is a critical area where elections can lead to significant changes. Candidates may propose adjustments to corporate tax rates, VAT, and other business-related taxes. A reduction in corporate tax rates could increase profitability for small businesses, enabling them to reinvest in growth and expansion. Conversely, any increase in taxes could squeeze margins, particularly for those already operating on thin profits. As a small business accounting firm, we are monitoring the outcomes of the election carefully in order to keep our clients updated. 

Business Rates

Business rates are a major concern for small business owners. Proposals to reform or reduce business rates could provide much-needed relief, especially for high street retailers and other small enterprises that rely on physical premises. A more favourable business rates environment could enhance the viability of many small businesses struggling with overhead costs.

Access to Finance

Funding and Grants

The availability of funding and grants is crucial for small business growth. Election outcomes could influence the level of government support for small businesses, including access to low-interest loans, grants for innovation and expansion, and other financial assistance programmes. Increased support could spur new startups and help existing businesses scale.

Banking Regulations

Changes in banking regulations could also impact small businesses’ access to finance. Policies aimed at encouraging banks to lend more to small enterprises could improve capital availability. Conversely, tighter regulations might make it harder for small businesses to secure loans, hampering growth opportunities.

Employment and Labour Policies

Minimum Wage

Adjustments to the minimum wage are often discussed during election campaigns. An increase in the minimum wage could raise operational costs for small businesses, particularly those in labour-intensive sectors. While higher wages can lead to improved employee satisfaction and retention, they can also strain financial resources.

Employment Regulations

Labour laws and employment regulations are also subject to change post-election. Policies that streamline hiring and reduce bureaucratic hurdles can benefit small businesses by making it easier to expand their workforce. However, additional regulatory burdens could increase compliance costs and administrative challenges.

Trade and International Relations

Brexit and Trade Agreements

The UK’s post-Brexit trade landscape remains a pivotal issue. The 2024 elections could shape future trade agreements, impacting import and export conditions for small businesses. Policies that facilitate smoother international trade and reduce tariffs could benefit businesses involved in cross-border trade. Conversely, protectionist policies might restrict market access and increase costs.

Export Support

Government support for exports, including trade missions and export financing, can significantly benefit small businesses looking to expand internationally. The level of commitment to such programmes will likely depend on the political climate post-election.

Technological Innovation and Digital Infrastructure

Digital Economy

Support for the digital economy and investment in digital infrastructure can provide a significant boost to small businesses. Policies promoting high-speed internet access, digital skills training, and technology adoption can help small businesses enhance their competitiveness and efficiency.


With the rise of cyber threats, small businesses require robust cybersecurity measures. Government initiatives to improve cybersecurity resources and support for small businesses can protect against data breaches and cyberattacks, safeguarding their operations.

Regulatory Environment


Proposals to reduce red tape and streamline regulations can create a more business-friendly environment. Simplified regulatory processes can save time and money for small businesses, allowing them to focus more on growth and innovation.

Environmental Regulations

Environmental policies and regulations are becoming increasingly important. While stricter environmental regulations may increase compliance costs, they can also open up new opportunities in the green economy. Support for sustainable practices can help small businesses innovate and align with global sustainability trends.

The 2024 UK elections will undoubtedly bring changes that affect small businesses across the country. While the exact impact will depend on the outcome and the policies implemented, staying informed and prepared can help small business owners navigate these changes effectively. By understanding potential policy shifts and planning accordingly, small businesses can position themselves to take advantage of new opportunities and mitigate any challenges that arise.


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